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Mutat Res. 1984 Nov;129(2):153-64.

Azaserine: further evidence for DNA damage in Escherichia coli.


Azaserine causes DNA damage in stationary-phase cells. In our investigation of this damage, we used strains of Escherichia coli differing in repair capabilities to study azaserine-induced DNA damage, detected as DNA strand breaks by sucrose gradient sedimentation techniques. Reduced sedimentation in alkaline and neutral sucrose gradients indicated the presence of both alkali-labile sites and in situ strand breaks. Azaserine induced DNA single-strand breaks (SSBs) abundantly in all but the recA strain, in which SSBs were greatly reduced. Treatment of purified DNA with azaserine from bacteriophages T4 and PM2 produced no detectable SSBs. Several other studies also failed to detect DNA damage induced directly by azaserine. Increased levels of beta-galactosidase were induced in an E. coli strain possessing a rec::lac fusion, providing further evidence for azaserine induction of the recA gene product. In addition, azaserine induced adaptation against killing but not against mutagenesis in wild-type E. coli strain.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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