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Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 1984;4(3):201-13.

A review and evaluation of theories of refractive error development.


A review of theories of the development of refractive errors is presented. These are classified into three major groups: the biological-statistical theories, the use-abuse theories and theories of emmetropization. They are commented upon and their merits contrasted. Current research developments which relate to these theories are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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