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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1978 Apr 11;502(1):138-51.

Heat-induced changes of chlorophyll fluorescence in isolated chloroplasts and related heat-damage at the pigment level.


The heat-induced changes of chlorophyll fluorescence excitation and emission properties were studied in isolated chloroplasts of Larrea divaricata Cav. An analysis of the temperature dependency of fluorescence, under Fo and Fmax conditions, of temperature-jump fluorescence induction kinetics, and of 77 degrees K emission spectra of preheated chloroplasts revealed two major components in the heat-induced fluorescence changes: (1) a fluorescence rise, reflecting the block of Photosystem II reaction centers; and (2) a fluorescence decrease, caused by the functional separation of light-harvesting pigment protein complex from the rest of the pigment system. Preferential excitation of chlorophyll a around 420 nm, produced a predominant fluorescence rise. Preferential excitation of chlorophyll b, at 480 nm, gives a predominant fluorescence decrease. It is proposed that the overlapping of the fluorescence decrease on the somewhat faster fluorescence rise, results in the biphasic fluorescence rise kinetics observed in isolated chloroplasts. Both the rise component and the decay component are affected by the thermal stability of the chloroplasts, acquired during growth of the plants in different thermal environments. Mg2+ enhances the stability against heat-damage expressed in the decrease component, but has no effect on the rise component. Heat pretreatment leads to a decrease of the variable fluorescence in the light-induced 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (DCMU) rise curve, but no change in half-rise time is observed. It is concluded that the block of Photosystem II reaction centers precedes the loss of the light-harvesting pigment protein complex. However, the approximately antiparallel heat-induced Fmax decrease and Fo increase suggest a common cause for the two events. A heat-induced perturbation of the thylakoid membrane is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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