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J Neurosurg. 1984 Aug;61(2):207-24.

Viral infections of the nervous system.


Neurotropic viruses cause a number of important infectious syndromes including encephalitis, myelitis, meningitis, and radiculopathy. In this review, the biology of conventional and unconventional viruses is examined. The host immune response to viruses is discussed, and patterns of viral pathogenesis are explained. The clinical features, laboratory findings, management of important viral infections, such as herpes simplex encephalitis and epidemic encephalitis, are presented. Post-infection syndromes, such as the Guillain-Barré syndrome, and chronic viral infections, such as those causing progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, are discussed. Current knowledge concerning the nature of unconventional virus-like agents of the spongiform encephalopathies, including kuru and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, is summarized. Finally, viral infections of immunocompromised patients and the possible role of viruses in the newly described acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) are examined.

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