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Curr Med Res Opin. 1984;9(1):21-7.

Efficacy and tolerability of glaucine as an antitussive agent.

Abstract

One hundred and thirty out-patients, affected by acute and chronic cough caused by upper respiratory tract inflammation, took part in two clinical studies aimed at evaluating the efficacy and tolerability of glaucine , a new antitussive agent. The first study involved 90 patients in a double-blind comparative trial of glaucine and codeine: both treatments were administered as a syrup at a dosage of 30 mg 3-times daily for 7 days. The cough suppressant effect of the two treatments was checked by the physician and the patient using a 4-point scale (from absent to severe), and by the patient using a visual analogue scale. Mean scores of the physician's evaluation decreased from 3.0 to 1.10 after codeine and from 3.0 to 0.47 after glaucine (p less than 0.001 between treatments). Mean values of the patients' visual analogue scales decreased from 83 mm to 17 mm after codeine, and from 85 mm to 7 mm after glaucine (p less than 0.001 between treatments). Constipation and nausea were reported by 9 patients on codeine and by no patient on glaucine (p less than 0.01). One patient on codeine was withdrawn from the study after 3 days because of vomiting, constipation and nausea. The second study was an open trial in 40 patients who received glaucine capsules at a dosage of 30 mg 3-times daily for 28 days. The antitussive effect of the treatment was evaluated on the basis of the same criteria as in the first study. The mean score of the physician's evaluation decreased from 3.0 to 0.15 (p less than 0.001); the mean value of the patients' visual analogue scales decreased from 93 mm to 1 mm (p less than 0.001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
6373156
DOI:
10.1185/03007998409109554
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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