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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1984 Apr;230(1):110-6.

Acylation of plant acyl carrier proteins by acyl-acyl carrier protein synthetase from Escherichia coli.


The acyl-acyl carrier protein synthetase from Escherichia coli has been examined for its ability to specifically acylate acyl carrier protein (ACP) from higher plants in order to develop an assay for plant ACP, and to prepare labeled acyl-ACP of plant origin. It was found that the E. coli enzyme was able to acylate ACP from spinach, soybean, avocado, corn, and several other plants. The acylation was very specific because, in crude extracts of spinach leaves where ACP represented approximately 0.1% of the total soluble protein, ACP was shown to be the only protein acylated. In contrast to other E. coli enzymes that display 2- to 10-fold lower rates with plant versus bacterial ACP, the kinetic constants (Km and Vmax) for acyl-ACP synthetase were found to be essentially identical for spinach and E. coli ACP when acylated with palmitic acid. Palmitic, myristic, lauric, stearic, and oleic acid could all be esterified to both spinach and E. coli ACP with similar specificity. Procedures are described that allow the assay of ACP in plant extracts at the nanogram level.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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