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Mol Cell Biochem. 1983;55(2):99-112.

Chromatin replication, reconstitution and assembly.


Many previously held concepts about the replication of chromatin have recently been revised, or seriously challenged. For instance, within the last two years, evidence has accumulated to indicate that newly synthesized DNA is not the sole site of deposition of newly synthesized histones, and that histones are not only made, but are assembled into chromatin in the absence of DNA synthesis. Furthermore, segregation of parental histones to daughter DNA duplexes may be bidirectional, rather than the previously accepted unidirectional mechanism. The storage of histones prior to assembly apparently involves histone pairs rather than octamers, and similarly, histones associate with DNA in (apparent) pairs, rather than as pre-assembled octameric units. It is currently questioned whether or not nucleoplasmin is involved in either histone storage or nucleosome assembly. The onset of histone synthesis has recently been found to occur in late G1 rather than in S, and thus is independent of DNA synthesis; however, the cessation of histone synthesis is linked to that of DNA. Thus, there emerges from this newly accumulated data the conclusion that chromatin biosynthesis is not as straightforward as was believed just a few years ago. As we review the evidence on each of these subjects, we attempt to point out directions for future experimentation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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