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Kidney Int. 1983 Aug;24(2):233-9.

Response of the kidney to furosemide. II. Effect of captopril on sodium balance.


We investigated the role of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (RAA) system during furosemide (F) administration. The effects of adding captopril (C) (25 mg . 6 hr-1) to F (40 mg daily for 3 days) were studied in six normal subjects equilibrated to a daily sodium (Na) intake of 270 mmoles. Without C, F produced a marked natriuresis but Na+ excretion fell sharply between drug doses. This resulted in neutral Na balance (+22 +/- 58 mmoles . 3 days-1; mean +/- SE). Plasma angiotensin (AII) and aldosterone (Aldo) rose, but mean blood pressure (MBP) was unaltered. C abolished the F-induced increases in AII and Aldo but did not modify the pattern of Na+ excretion. Na+ balance remained neutral (+42 +/- 54 mmoles . 3 days-1). With C alone, Na+ balance was positive (+110 +/- 30 mmoles . 3 days-1; P less than 0.02). In protocols C alone and F + C, MBP fell by a comparable amount. F alone and F + C increased plasma norepinephrine and prostaglandin E2 metabolite; these did not change with C alone. In conclusion, activation of the RAA system by F is not essential for the compensatory increase in Na+ reabsorption that maintains Na+ balance after F.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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