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J Mol Biol. 1983 Oct 5;169(4):775-97.

Nucleotide sequence of the trpD and trpC genes of Salmonella typhimurium.


We have completed the nucleotide sequence determination of trpD and trpC, the second and third genes of the trp operon of Salmonella typhimurium. These genes encode two bifunctional proteins thought to have arisen by gene fusions: the trpD polypeptide contains the glutamine amido transferase and the phosphoribosyl anthranilate transferase activities, and the trpC protein possesses the N-(5'-phosphoribosyl)-anthranilic acid isomerase and the indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthetase activities. The trpD gene consists of 1593 nucleotides encoding 531 amino acids, and possesses an internal promoter (p2) located within a region from about 1400 to 1441 of the nucleotide sequence. The trpC gene contains 1356 nucleotides encoding 452 amino acids. In this paper we compare the trpD and trpC genes of S. typhimurium to those of Escherichia coli with respect to codon usage, nucleotide and amino acid conservation, p2 promoter characteristics and intercistronic regions. The sequence of the two genes we present here completes the sequence determination of the trp operon of S. typhimurium and should prove useful in comparisons with the E. coli trp operon and in future studies of operon structure in S. typhimurium.

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