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Differentiation. 1983;23(3):226-33.

Inductive properties of fibroblastic cell cultures derived from rat intestinal mucosa on epithelial differentiation.


The present study represents a first attempt to elucidate the regulatory properties displayed by the non-epithelial portion of the intestinal mucosa, growing as fibroblasts in monolayer cultures. Thus, we compared the inductive action of 6-day suckling rat duodenal fibroblasts with that displayed by chick embryonic intestinal mesenchyme on the heterotypic cytodifferentiation of 5 1/2-day chick embryonic gizzard endoderm. The latter, isolated by 0.03% collagenase, was surrounded by intestinal intramucosal fibroblastic cell sheets. As control experiments, fibroblastic cells derived from the intestinal muscle or from 20-day fetal rat skin and lung were used. Every type of association was grafted into the coelomic cavity of 3-day chick embryos for 11 to 12 days, a system providing their vascularization and growth. The results clearly demonstrate that the mucosal fibroblastic cells of rat intestine were as potent as embryonic intestinal mesenchyme in inducing brush-border enzymes like sucrase and maltase, in conformity with an induced intestinal morphology. In contrast, the control fibroblastic cells were completely ineffective.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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