Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Diabetes. 1983 May;32(5):433-5.

Abnormalities of GIP in spontaneous syndromes of obesity and diabetes in mice.

Abstract

The role of GIP in the pathogenesis of spontaneous syndromes of obesity-diabetes was examined in ob/ob mice of the Aston stock and db/db mice of the C57BL/KsJ background. Compared with lean controls, fed adult ob/ob and db/db mice, respectively, exhibited 1.8-fold and 2.1-fold increases in body weight, 1.8-fold and 2.8-fold elevations of plasma glucose, and 15.4-fold and 5.6-fold elevations of plasma insulin. As indicated by the relative magnitude of the hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia, db/db mice displayed a particularly severe form of diabetes. Plasma GIP concentrations of ob/ob and db/db mice were elevated 15.1-fold and 6.2-fold, respectively; the increments closely corresponded with the degrees of hyperinsulinemia. Small intestinal weight was increased 1.4-fold and 1.8-fold in ob/ob and db/db mice, respectively, but the intestinal GIP content expressed as microgram/g intestine or microgram/intestine was raised only in ob/ob mice (1.9-fold and 2.8-fold, respectively). Since glucose stimulation of insulin release is defective in both mutant strains, the results strongly implicate pathologically raised GIP concentrations in the hyperinsulinemia and related metabolic abnormalities of the obesity-diabetes syndromes. It is suggested that hypersecretion of GIP results in part from loss of normal feedback inhibition by endogenous insulin.

PMID:
6341126
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center