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J Immunol Methods. 1984 Nov 16;74(1):87-91.

Plasma C3d/C3 quotient as a parameter for in vivo complement activation.

Abstract

Plasma levels of C3 and C3d in 30 healthy donors and 58 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus were determined by rocket immunoelectrophoresis and Con-A affinoimmunoelectrophoresis. Significantly decreased levels of C3 were found in approximately 50% of the SLE sera. Slight increases of free C3d were found in 55%, and marked increases in 9% of the SLE sera; the remaining SLE sera did not show increased C3d levels. When results were expressed as quotients of plasma C3d/C3, a significant pattern emerged and 70% of the SLE sera clearly fell outside the normal range. 10% of the SLE sera had normal C3d/C3 indices but had markedly depressed C3 levels. We conclude that in cases where total serum C3 is not markedly reduced (less than 60% of normal), the C3d/C3 quotient may be a more sensitive parameter for assessing in vivo complement activation than C3 or C3d determinations alone.

PMID:
6334115
DOI:
10.1016/0022-1759(84)90370-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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