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Chem Phys Lipids. 1984 Oct;35(4):331-47.

Interactions of hemin, antimalarial drugs and hemin-antimalarial complexes with phospholipid monolayers.


Hemin, antimalarial drugs and complexes formed between them, have demonstrable effects on biological membranes. Using the phospholipid monolayer model, we show that hemin intercalates into the membrane and increases its surface pressure, depending on the lipid composition and the initial surface pressure: negative surface charges and particularly looser compaction of the phospholipids reduce the effect of hemin. With increasing surface pressure hemin tends to intercalate as a monomer, and the half-saturation concentration of its effect increases exponentially. The antimalarial monovalent drugs quinine and mefloquine, but not chloroquine, also penetrate into the membrane and expand it. All three drugs markedly increase the effect of hemin, but chloroquine reduces the effect in monolayers composed of unsaturated phospholipids. The drugs' effect is mostly due to an increase in the maximal surface pressure and suggests a complexation of hemin and drug within the membrane phase. Preformed hemin-drug complexes decrease the half-saturation concentration of the effect and suggest that the complexes adsorb to the membrane, releasing the hemin through an apolar continuum into the phospholipid phase. The implications of the results to the membrane toxicity mechanism proposed for the molecular mode of action of antimalarial drugs are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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