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Cell. 1984 Jul;37(3):1063-73.

Expression of a cloned gene segment of poliovirus in E. coli: evidence for autocatalytic production of the viral proteinase.

Abstract

The poliovirus polyprotein is proteolytically processed predominantly by a virus-encoded proteinase (P3-7c) that cleaves glutamine-glycine amino acid pairs. The biosynthesis of the viral proteinase, itself a product of glutamine-glycine cleavages, was studied by constructing a bacterial expression plasmid that contained a cloned segment of the poliovirus genome slightly larger than the coding region for P3-7c. The induction of expression of this plasmid in E. coli produced several poliovirus-specific polypeptides. One polypeptide, an unstable protein called 3i, was the product of fortuitous in-phase initiation of translation within the coding region of P3-7c. Three other induced polypeptides were products of proteolytic cleavages, the smallest (polypeptide 3) having the properties (amino-terminal amino acids, carboxy-terminal amino acids, size, antigenicity) of P3-7c. Insertion of a DNA linker into the P3-7c coding region results in the loss of P3-7c-specific glutamine-glycine cleavage activity. We conclude that P3-7c was produced by autocatalytic cleavage.

PMID:
6331675
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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