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J Cell Biochem. 1984;24(3):261-9.

Correlation of structure and function of chloroplast membranes at the supramolecular level.


Freeze-fracture electron microscopy has revealed that different size classes of intramembrane particles of chloroplast membranes are nonrandomly distributed between appressed grana and nonappressed stroma membrane regions. It is now generally assumed that thylakoid membranes contain five major functional complexes, each of which can give rise to an intramembrane particle of a defined size. These are the photosystem II complex, the photosystem I complex, the cytochrome f/b6 complex, the chlorophyll a/b light-harvesting complex, and the CF0 -CF1 ATP synthetase complex. By mapping the distribution of the different categories of intramembrane particles, information on the lateral organization of functional membrane units of thylakoid membranes can be determined. In this review, we present a brief summary of the evidence supporting the correlation of specific categories of intramembrane particles with known biochemical entities. In addition, we discuss studies showing that ions and phosphorylation of the membrane adhesion factor, the chlorophyll a/b light-harvesting complex, can affect the lateral organization of chloroplast membrane components and thereby regulate membrane function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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