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Gen Comp Endocrinol. 1984 Jun;54(3):409-17.

The significance of cortisol for osmoregulation in carp (Cyprinus carpio) and tilapia (Sarotherodon mossambicus).


Changes in plasma cortisol and glucose concentration were studied in carp during acclimation from fresh water (FW) to 1.5% salt water and vice versa. There was an increase in cortisol and glucose concentration during acclimation from FW to salt water which lasted for several days. Reacclimation to FW did not cause clear changes in cortisol and glucose levels. One single injection of cortisol (0.2 mg/100 g or 1 mg/100 g) and additional transfer to salt water (1.5% for carp and 2.7% for tilapia) altered the changes caused by acclimation alone of cortisol, glucose, Na+ concentration, and the osmolality in plasma. Gill Na-K-ATPase activity was also influenced. The effects of cortisol on electrolyte concentrations during acclimation and on Na+-K+-ATPase activity differed in both types of fish. Cortisol clearly lowered the increase in plasma Na+ concentration of the stenohaline carp and increased the ATPase activity. The changes in plasma Na+ concentration of the euryhaline tilapia was not clearly altered and the enzyme activity was inhibited. The significance of these cortisol effects is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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