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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1984 Jun;81(12):3856-60.

Human T-cell leukemia virus-associated membrane antigens: identity of the major antigens recognized after virus infection.


Specific antibodies to cell membrane antigens found on human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV)-infected cells have been detected in Japanese patients with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma and in asymptomatic carriers, using a live cell-membrane immunofluorescence assay. Reactivity of the positive antisera was analyzed using radioimmunoprecipitation and NaDodSO4/PAGE with the HTLV-infected tumor cell line Hut 102 (clone B2). The major cell-associated antigens identified include two glycoproteins of approximately equal to 61 and 45 kDa, which appear to be the most immunogenic species in exposed people, a nonglycosylated species of 42 kDa, and four additional species that contain gag gene-encoded antigens with sizes ranging from 19 to 55 kDa. The two glycoproteins ( gp61 and gp45 ) are encoded, at least in part, by the env gene of HTLV as evidenced by amino acid sequence analysis.

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