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J Cell Biochem. 1983;23(1-4):107-30.

Sorting and recycling of cell surface receptors and endocytosed ligands: the asialoglycoprotein and transferrin receptors.


With few exceptions, receptor-mediated endocytosis of specific ligands is mediated through clustering of receptor-ligand complexes in coated pits on the cell surface, followed by internalization of the complex into endocytic vesicles. During this process, ligand-receptor dissociation occurs, most probably in a low pH prelysosomal compartment. In most cases the ligand is ultimately directed to the lysosomes, wherein it is degraded, while the receptor recycles to the cell surface. We have studied the kinetics of internalization and recycling of both the asialoglycoprotein receptor and the transferrin receptor in a human hepatoma cell line. By employing both biochemical and morphological/immunocytochemical approaches, we have gained some insight into the complex mechanisms which govern receptor recycling as well as ligand sorting and targeting. We can, in particular, explain why transferrin is exocytosed intact from the cells, while asialoglycoproteins are degraded in lysosomes. We have also localized the intracellular site at which endocytosed receptor and ligand dissociate.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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