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J Biol Chem. 1984 Mar 25;259(6):3445-9.

Regulation of thyrotropin-releasing hormone binding by monovalent cations and guanyl nucleotides.


Binding of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) to specific receptors on membranes isolated from GH4C1 pituitary cells was inhibited by monovalent cations and guanyl nucleotides. NaCl and LiCl inhibited TRH binding by 70%, with half-maximal inhibition at 30 mM; RbCl and KCl inhibited only 10% at concentrations up to 150 mM. NaCl decreased both the apparent number and the affinity of TRH receptors and increased the rate of dissociation of TRH from both membrane and Triton X-100-solubilized receptors. Guanyl nucleotides inhibited TRH binding up to 80%, with guanyl-5'-yl imidodiphosphate (Gpp(NH)p) approximately GTP much greater than GDP approximately ATP greater than GMP. GTP and Gpp(NH)p exerted half-maximal effects at 0.3 microM and decreased receptor affinity to one-third of control but did not change receptor number. Gpp(NH)p accelerated the dissociation of TRH from membranes but not from solubilized receptors. The effects of NaCl were independent of temperature, while GTP and Gpp(NH)p were much more inhibitory at 22 degrees C (70%) than at 0 degrees C (10%). Inhibition by NaCl could be reversed by washing the membranes, and inhibition by GTP was reversed if membranes were chilled to 0 degrees C. The inhibitory effects of low concentrations of NaCl and Gpp(NH)p were additive. Neither monovalent cations nor GTP prevented the TRH-receptor complex from undergoing transformation from a state with rapid dissociation kinetics to a slower dissociating form. The results suggest that sodium ion regulates TRH binding by interacting with a site on the receptor, while guanyl nucleotides regulate TRH binding indirectly.

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