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Anal Quant Cytol. 1983 Dec;5(4):263-8.

Quantitative DNA determination by image analysis. II. Application to human and canine pulmonary cytology.


Comparative DNA measurements in human and canine preneoplastic and neoplastic tracheobronchial cells were made with the application of computerized image analysis. Canine studies demonstrated that the sequence of cellular events that precede epidermoid lung cancer simulates precisely the progression observed in humans. DNA studies concomitantly confirmed that there is a stepwise increase in DNA content with advancing nuclear atypia in metaplastic respiratory cells in both species. All carcinomas, regardless of histologic type, were significantly hyperploid to aneuploid (4c to 6c). Small-cell carcinoma exhibited a narrow modal distribution in the 4c region. The uniformity of the cytologic and quantitative DNA changes among these disparate species tends to confirm that humans and canines share biologic characteristics in bronchogenic carcinogenesis. The quantitative DNA measurements provide an objective cellular marker and may be used clinically for diagnostic purposes.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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