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Virology. 1983 Oct 15;130(1):105-17.

The synthesis of polypeptides in influenza C virus-infected cells.


The synthesis of virus-specific polypeptides was analyzed in MDCK cells infected with the JJ/50 strain of influenza C virus. In addition to three major structural proteins gp88, NP, and M, the synthesis of five polypeptides with molecular weights of 29,500 (C1), 27,500 (C2), 24,000 (C3), 19,000 (C4), and 14,000 (C5) was found in infected cells. None of these polypeptides were detected either in virions or in immunoprecipitates obtained after treatment of infected cell lysates with antiviral serum, suggesting that they are not viral structural proteins. Polypeptides C1-C5 were found to be synthesized in MDCK cells infected with different influenza C virus strains as well as in different host cell types infected with C/JJ/50. Further, it was observed that cellular protein synthesis was greatly reduced under hypertonic conditions, whereas the synthesis of C1-C5 was relatively unaffected. These results suggest that polypeptides C1-C5 are virus coded rather than host cell coded. Peptide mapping studies showed that each of polypeptides C3, C4, and C5 had a peptide composition similar to the M protein. The amount of C2 synthesized in infected cells was insufficient for mapping. This polypeptide was, however, found to rapidly disappear in pulse-chase experiments, suggesting that C2 is probably not unique but biosynthetically related to one of the other proteins. In contrast to these polypeptides, polypeptide C1 showed a map which is largely different from any major structural polypeptide. It therefore appears likely that C1 is a nonstructural protein of influenza C virus similar to the NS1 protein of influenza A and B viruses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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