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Neuroscience. 1983 Aug;9(4):823-35.

Mechanisms regulating the activity of facial nucleus motoneurones--2. Synaptic activation from the caudal trigeminal nucleus.


Field and postsynaptic potentials of facial motoneurones evoked by stimulation of the caudal trigeminal nucleus were studied in cats by means of extra- and intracellular recording. Mono- and polysynaptic input onto facial motoneurones from the caudal trigeminal nucleus were shown. Four types of responses were distinguished: excitatory postsynaptic potentials generating a single action potential; a gradual shift of depolarization inducing multiple discharges; a rhythmic discharge of action potentials appearing at a low level of depolarization; excitatory postsynaptic potentials or a sequence of excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic potentials. Multiple discharge was shown to appear as a result of effective summation of high frequency excitatory influences from efferent neurones of the caudal trigeminal nucleus projecting into the facial nucleus. Factors facilitating the development of gradual depolarization are: dendritic localization of synaptic terminals, dendritic origin of after-depolarizing processes and the high input resistance of the facial motoneurone membrane. It is thought that specific features of facial motoneurones and properties of afferent inputs are supposed to provide high sensitivity of neuronal organization of the facial nucleus to afferent signals as well as wide diversity in controlling its activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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