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J Biol Chem. 1983 Sep 10;258(17):10233-9.

Compartments of cyclic AMP and protein kinase in mammalian cardiomyocytes.


We have studied the compartmentation of cyclic AMP action in purified ventricular cardiomyocytes prepared by collagenase perfusion of adult rabbit hearts. Incubation of purified adult myocytes with 1 microM isoproterenol causes rapid accumulation of intracellular cyclic AMP in both soluble (2.3 leads to 7.7 pmol/ mg of protein) and particulate (3.0 leads to 9.2) fractions of cell homogenates (3000 X g for 5 min), increases in the total activity and activity ratio of soluble cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (0.21 leads to 0.66), a decrease in protein kinase activity remaining in the particulate fraction (47 leads to 30%), and an increase in the activity ratio of glycogen phosphorylase (0.15 leads to 0.47). Incubation of myocytes with 10 microM prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) leads to a comparable increase in soluble cyclic AMP (2.3 leads to 5.8 pmol/mg of protein) and activation of soluble cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (0.21 leads to 0.39) but does not result in any change in cAMP or protein kinase in the particulate fraction and fails to cause an activation of glycogen phosphorylase. PGE1 does not inhibit the effects of isoproterenol; when myocytes are incubated with both isoproterenol and PGE1, the accumulation of cyclic AMP, activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase and phosphorylase b leads to a conversion are equal to that achieved with isoproterenol alone. Perturbation of cellular calcium using the ionophore A23187, verapamil, or high or low extracellular calcium did not alter the ability of isoproterenol to cause activation of particulate cAMP-dependent protein kinase or influence the inability of PGE1 to do so. Activation of adenylate cyclase by forskolin (30 microM) caused immediate activation of both soluble and particulate cAMP-dependent protein kinase leading to rapid activation of phosphorylase. We conclude that the hormonally specific compartmentation of cyclic AMP and cAMP-dependent protein kinase that occurs in intact heart (Hayes, J. S., Brunton, L. L., Brown, J. H., Reese, J. B., and Mayer, S. E. (1979) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 76, 1570-1574) is not explained on the basis of cellular heterogeneity but has a subcellular basis within the cardiomyocyte.

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