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J Bacteriol. 1983 Sep;155(3):1288-96.

Structure and function of the internal promoter (hisBp) of the Escherichia coli K-12 histidine operon.


The entire histidine operon of Escherichia coli K-12 was cloned in the vector plasmid pBR313, and a complete restriction map of the operon was determined. By using subclones, complementation tests, and enzyme assays, we were able to make a correlation between the physical map and the genetic map of the operon. We determined the sequence of a fragment of DNA 665 base pairs long, comprising the distal portion of the hisC gene, the proximal portion of the hisB gene, and the internal transcription initiation site hisBp. The efficiency of this promoter was assessed under different physiological conditions by cloning the DNA fragment in a recombinant vector system used to study transcriptional regulatory signals. The precise point at which transcription initiates was determined by S1 nuclease mapping.

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