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Biochemistry. 1983 Apr 26;22(9):2087-97.

Characterization of the complementary deoxyribonucleic acid and gene coding for human prothrombin.


The DNA sequences of a complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA) and a portion of the gene coding for human prothrombin have been determined. The cDNA was 2005 base pairs in length and was found to code for part of a leader sequence of 36 amino acids, 579 amino acids present in the mature protein, a stop codon, a noncoding region of 97 base pairs, and a poly(A) tail of 27 base pairs. It is proposed that the leader sequence consists of a signal sequence and a pro sequence for the mature protein that circulates in plasma. The 10 glutamic acid residues that are present in the amino-terminal region of prothrombin and are converted to gamma-carboxyglutamic acid in the mature protein are coded by only the GAG codon. The cDNA for prothrombin was also employed as a probe for screening a human fetal liver genomic DNA library. One of the strongly positive phage containing a human DNA insert of 5 kilobases was mapped with restriction endonucleases and sequenced. This DNA contained approximately half of the gene for human prothrombin and included six introns and five exons coding for amino acid residues 144-448. The two largest intervening sequences in the genomic DNA contained two copies each of AluI repetitive DNA.

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