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Biochemistry. 1983 May 10;22(10):2314-9.

Redox-linked hydrogen bond strength changes in cytochrome a: implications for a cytochrome oxidase proton pump.

Abstract

The heme a formyl group of cytochrome a in cytochrome oxidase appears to be involved in a hydrogen-bond interaction with a proton donor associated with the polypeptide backbone [Callahan, P.M., & Babcock, G.T. (1983) Biochemistry 22, 452-461]. Resonance Raman and optical absorption spectroscopies have been applied to the beef heart and Thermus thermophilus proteins and to heme a and copper porphyrin a models in order to assess the spectroscopic manifestations and the energetics of the hydrogen-bond interaction. We find a linear relationship between optical absorption red shift and carbonyl vibrational frequency decrease for a series of hydrogen-bonded model complexes; the magnitude of both changes increases as the hydrogen-bond strength increases. Comparison of the model compound data with analogous data for the proteins indicates that the strength of the formyl hydrogen bond in situ increases by 2-2.5 kcal/mol upon reduction of ferric cytochrome a. The selective stabilization of reduced cytochrome a by the stronger hydrogen bond is expected to increase the redox potential of this center; the energy made available as the hydrogen bond strengthens during reduction may be used to drive redox-coupled events in the protein. Thus, the linkage between cytochrome a redox state and chromophore/protein interaction energy provides a mechanism by which electron-transfer events and protein structure are coupled. Two models, which incorporate this linkage into a redox-driven proton pump centered at cytochrome a in cytochrome oxidase, are presented.

PMID:
6305399
DOI:
10.1021/bi00279a002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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