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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1983 May 31;113(1):255-61.

Proteolysis of the epidermal growth factor receptor by endogenous calcium-activated neutral protease from rat liver.


In A-431 membranes but not in rat liver membranes, the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor was converted from a Mr=180,000 to a Mr=160,000 form by a protease activated when cells were broken in the presence of calcium. Calcium-activated neutral protease (CANP) activity in rat liver cytosol was separated from its protein inhibitor by DEAE-cellulose chromatography. When fractions containing this protease activity were incubated with rat liver membranes in the presence of calcium, the Mr=180,000 form of the receptor was converted to the Mr=160,000 form. This conversion was blocked both by the separated endogenous inhibitor and by leupeptin. Apparently CANP is a highly regulated endogenous protease which could degrade the EGF receptor-kinase in most tissues.

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