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Am J Physiol. 1983 Jun;244(6):H743-8.

Mitochondrial complexes I, II, III, IV, and V in myocardial ischemia and autolysis.


Ischemic myocardium was produced by occluding the left circumflex coronary artery in anesthetized dogs. Autolyzed myocardium was produced by incubating transmural samples of canine left ventricle at 37 degrees C. Tissue pH was recorded continuously in each model using a microcombination pH electrode impaled into the midmyocardium. The activities of the five mitochondrial inner membrane enzyme complexes of electron transport and coupled oxidative phosphorylation were assayed as a function of time of ischemia or autolysis. While the activities of complex II (succinate-CoQ reductase) and IV (cytochrome c oxidase) were completely stable, that of complex I (NADH-CoQ reductase) decreased markedly, but largely only after 20 min of ischemia or autolysis. At 20 min and beyond, the decrease in the activity of complex I paralleled closely the decrease in whole mitochondrial oxygen uptake with NAD-linked substrates in both models. The activity of complex III (CoQH2-c reductase) decreased at a more gradual rate during ischemia or autolysis, and its rate of decrease paralleled that of succinate-supported oxygen uptake. The activity of complex V (oligomycin-sensitive ATPase) decreased most rapidly (by 40% in only 5 min of autolysis) but nearly leveled off beyond 20 min in the two models. A strikingly similar pattern of differential enzyme lability was observed in isolated control mitochondria incubated at lowered pH values. The results demonstrate 1) differential enzyme lability within the mitochondrial inner membrane, 2) a connection between severity of acidosis and the degree of enzyme activity loss, and 3) the usefulness of simple tissue autolysis as an analogue of in situ myocardial ischemia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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