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J Bacteriol. 1983 Jun;154(3):1110-6.

Biosynthesis of D-alanyl-lipoteichoic acid: role of diglyceride kinase in the synthesis of phosphatidylglycerol for chain elongation.


Lipophilic and hydrophilic D-alanyl-lipoteichoic acids are elongated in Lactobacillus casei by the transfer of sn-glycerol 1-phosphate units from phosphatidylglycerol to the poly(glycerophosphate) moiety of the polymer. These sn-glycerol 1-phosphate units are added to the end of the poly(glycerophosphate) which is distal to the glycolipid anchor; 1,2-diglyceride results from this addition. The presence of a diglyceride kinase was suggested by the ATP-dependent phosphorylation of 1,2-diglyceride to phosphatidic acid. Inorganic phosphate was used to initiate the synthesis of lipophilic lipoteichoic acid (LTA) and the elongation of both lipophilic and hydrophilic LTA. Three observations suggest that phosphate and other anions play a role in the in vitro synthesis of LTA and its precursors. First, the conversion of 1,2-diglyceride to phosphatidic acid by diglyceride kinase was stimulated. Second, the synthesis of phosphatidylglycerol was increased. Third, the elongation of lipophilic and hydrophilic LTA was enhanced. These observations indicated that one effect of phosphate might be to enhance the utilization of 1,2-diglyceride for the synthesis of phosphatidic acid. This phospholipid is a precursor of phosphatidylglycerol, the donor of sn-glycerol 1-phosphate for elongation of LTA.

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