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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1983 Feb;728(2):239-53.

Mechanism of passive Ca2+ permeability of vesicular sarcolemmal preparations from rat hearts.


Vesicular sarcolemmal preparations isolated from rat hearts were characterized by high total ATPase (4.32 +/- 0.57 mumol/min per mg), adenylate cyclase (121 +/- 11 pmol/min per mg) and creatine kinase (1.73 +/- 0.35 mumol/min per mg) activities as well as Na-Ca exchange specific to sodium. ATPase activity was inhibited with digitoxigenin by 50-70% and was not changed by ouabain, ionophore A23187 or oligomycin. Sarcolemmal vesicles bound [3H]digitoxigenin and [3H]ouabain in isotonic medium in the presence of Pi and Mg2+. The number of binding sites for hydrophobic digitoxigenin (N = 237 pmol/mg) was several-times higher than that for hydrophilic ouabain (N = 32.7 pmol/mg). These data show that sarcolemmal preparations were not significantly contaminated by mitochondria and sarcoplasmic reticulum and consisted mostly of inside-out vesicles. Incubation of these vesicles with 45Ca2+ (0.5-10 mM) led to penetration of the latter into the vesicles with the following binding characteristics: number of binding sites (N = 20.5 +/- 4.6 nmol/mg, Kd approximately equal to 2.0 mM). Ca2+ binding to the inner surface of vesicles was proved by the following facts: (1) Ca2+ ionophore A23187 increased slightly total intravesicular Ca2+ content but markedly accelerated Ca2+ efflux along its concentration gradient; (2) gramicidin and osmotic shock showed a similar accelerating effect. Ca2+ efflux from the vesicles along its concentration gradient ([Ca2+]i/[Ca2+]e = 2.0 mM/0.1 microM) was inhibited by Mn2+, Co2+, and verapamil when they acted inside the vesicles. The rate of Ca2+ efflux was hyperbolically dependent on intravesicular Ca2+ concentration (Km approximately equal to 2.9 mM). These data reveal that Ca2+ efflux from sarcolemmal vesicles is controlled by Ca2+ binding to the sarcolemmal membrane. Ca2+ efflux from the vesicles was stimulated 1.7--times after incubation of vesicles with 0.2 mM MgATP or MgADP and 15-times after treatment with 0.2 mM adenylyl beta, gamma-imidodiphosphate. Enhancement in the rate of Ca2+ efflux correlated with the increase in the intravesicular Ca2+ content. ATP-stimulated Ca2+ efflux was suppressed by verapamil and was nonmonotonically dependent upon the transmembrane potential created by the K+ concentration gradient in the presence of valinomycin, Ca2+ efflux being slower at extreme values of membrane potential (+/- 80 mV).

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