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Nature. 1983 Mar 3;302(5903):79-81.

Characterization of a human colon/lung carcinoma oncogene.


DNA sequences capable of inducing oncogenic transformation of NIH3T3 mouse cells are found in a number of human tumour cell lines. When DNAs of these cell lines are applied to monolayer cultures of the mouse fibroblasts, foci of transformed cells are observed 2-3 weeks later. DNA from cells of such primary foci can be used in turn to induce foci in a second cycle of gene transfer. The human DNA sequences responsible for transformation have been called oncogenes, the best characterized of which is closely related to the Harvey murine sarcoma virus oncogene. Here we present a characterization of an oncogene which we found originally to be present in DNA of the SW480 colon carcinoma cell line. We indicate its structural outlines and demonstrate, in extension of reported results, its presence in an activated form in the genome of several types of human tumour cell lines as well as in biopsy tissue from an adenocarcinoma of the large bowel. We identify this tumour oncogene with c-Ki-ras2, one of two known members of the Kirsten ras family of human proto-oncogenes, extending a series of recent reports which have demonstrated homologies between human oncogenes and those of Harvey and Kirsten murine sarcoma viruses. The c-Ki-ras2 oncogene of several tumour cell lines is shown to be amplified.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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