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Life Sci. 1982 Dec 27;31(26):2977-83.

Responses mediated via beta 1, but not beta 2-adrenoceptors, exhibit hypothermia-induced supersensitivity.


The beta-adrenoceptor-mediated responses of various isolated tissues from the guinea-pig were examined at bath temperatures of 38 and 30 degrees C. The positive inotropic responses to orciprenaline of paced left atria and papillary muscles were potentiated at the lower bath temperature, as indicated by a significant shift of the dose-response curve to the left. A similar hypothermia-induced supersensitivity was observed for the positive chronotropic response of right atria. The beta-adrenoceptor-mediated inhibition of coaxially stimulated ileum in response to orciprenaline also exhibited supersensitivity at 30 degrees C. In contrast, the relaxation of lung strips was not altered at the lower bath temperature. The relaxant responses of potassium-contracted uterine strips from untreated guinea-pigs or progesterone-dominated guinea-pigs and rats also failed to reveal any hypothermia-induced supersensitivity. The responses of lung and uterine strips are mediated via beta-adrenoceptors of the beta 2-type, whereas they are of the beta 1-type in the cardiac preparations and ileum. Therefore, these results suggest that hypothermia-induced supersensitivity occurs only at the beta 1-adrenoceptors, indicating a fundamental temperature-dependent difference between the two receptor types.

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