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Cancer Immunol Immunother. 1982;13(2):98-104.

Kinetics of the reactivity of subpopulations of spleen cells of mice bearing virus-induced mammary tumors to syngeneic antigenic extracts in vitro. Supportive and suppressive effects of macrophages.


This study was designed to investigate the nature of lymphocyte reactivity to soluble tumor antigens with respect to the kinetics of the reactivity, the responding cell type, and the role of accessory cells, within a syngeneic system. BALB/c mice were inoculated with 1 X 10(6) viable cells of syngeneic MTV-induced mammary tumors. Assessment of proliferative activity of spleen cells of these animals by DNA synthesis (3H-thymidine incorporation in vitro) indicated a biphasic response to stimulation by 200 micrograms of a syngeneic perchloric acid (PCA)-soluble extract (AMMT) of the tumor over a 25-day period, with peak activities at days 13 and 19 post inoculation. The response was predominantly T-cell-mediated. Splenic macrophage population rose from less than 2% of total spleen cells by day 25 without any appreciable change in the T or B cell population. Depletion of spleen cells of macrophages abolished the first peak activity (at day 13) but significantly enhanced the second (at day 19). Reconstitution of the depleted cells with macrophages prepared from peritoneal exudates of tumor-bearing or normal mice restored the responses to undepleted values, thus indicating an accessory role for macrophages in these responses. These results provide new data which should contribute to a better understanding of the tumor-host relationship.

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