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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1983 Jan 5;727(1):39-44.

Cholesterol modulation of (Na+ + K+)-ATPase ATP hydrolyzing activity in the human erythrocyte.


The cholesterol content of human erythrocyte membranes has been modified by incubation of intact cells with sonicated egg phosphatidylcholine/cholesterol vesicles and with egg phosphatidylcholine vesicles. (Na+ + K+)-ATPase ATP hydrolyzing activity was measured as a function of membrane cholesterol content. High membrane cholesterol inhibits the ATPase activity of the enzyme and low membrane cholesterol activates that enzyme activity. The most likely mechanism of inhibition is suggested to comprise direct cholesterol-protein interactions which lead to a low activity conformation. Ouabain binding studies show that the inhibition is not due to a loss of enzyme from the membrane.

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