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Arch Environ Health. 1982 Nov-Dec;37(6):358-60.

Norwalk gastroenteritis associated with a water system in a rural Georgia community.


An outbreak of acute gastroenteritis occurred during January 4-9, 1982, in a rural community in north Georgia. A systematic telephone survey revealed that 63% of persons living in homes served by the community water system had symptoms of acute gastroenteritis in contrast to 9% of persons in homes served by private wells or other sources (P less than .001). A fourfold rise in antibody titer to the Norwalk virus occurred in 20 of 22 serum pairs obtained from ill persons. Fecal coliforms (greater than 16 MPN/100 ml) were detected in a spring which served as one water source for the community system. Surface runoff from a heavy rainfall, which preceded the outbreak, may have contaminated the system. Outbreaks of gastroenteritis should be promptly reported and investigated to facilitate corrective measures and to identify causative agents such as Norwalk virus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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