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Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1982 Nov;17(5):951-4.

Dopaminergic properties of nomifensine.


Nomifensine and a proposed dihydroxy metabolite produced stimulation of motor behavior in mice with nomifensine being more potent. Weak cage-climbing behavior (stereotypy) was also produced. The stimulatory effects were greater in mice in which dopamine receptor sensitivity was increased by long-term haloperidol. Both of the analogs were potent inhibitors of dopamine and norepinephrine uptake in vitro with nomifensine approximately 3 times more potent than the metabolite. In contrast, the two analogs had weak affinity for the post-synaptic dopamine receptor (as measured by displacement of ligand binding in vitro) with dihydroxynomifensine approximately 6 times more potent than nomifensine. These results suggest that the behavioral effects of nomifensine are largely dependent on presynaptic catecholamine mechanisms but that weak direct dopamine agonist properties do exist, particularly in vivo where the drug may be metabolized to a more active form.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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