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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1982 Nov 22;692(3):355-60.

Inhibition of gastric (H+ + K+)-ATPase by unsaturated long-chain fatty acids.


Arachidonic acid and unsaturated C18 fatty acids at concentrations near 10(-5) M markedly inhibited (H+ + K+)-ATPase in hog or rat gastric membranes. Arachidonic acid was a more potent inhibitor than unsaturated C18 fatty acids, but the involvement of the metabolites of arachidonic acid cascade was ruled out. Linolenic acid inhibited the formation of phosphoenzyme and the K+ -dependent p-nitrophenylphosphatase activity of the hog ATPase. Treatment with fatty acid-free bovine serum albumin abolished only the inhibitory effect of the fatty acid on the phosphatase activity without restoring the overall ATPase action. These data suggest the existence of at least two groups of hydrophobic binding sites in the gastric ATPase for unsaturated long-chain fatty acids which affect differentially the catalytic reactions of the ATPase. (H+ + K+)-ATPase in rat gastric membranes was found more susceptible to the fatty acid inhibition and also more unstable than the ATPase in hog gastric membranes. The presence of a millimolar level of lanthanum chloride or ethylene glycol bis(beta-aminoethyl ether)-N,N'-tetraacetic acid stabilized the rat ATPase probably via the inhibition of Ca2+ -dependent phospholipases in the gastric membranes.

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