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Biochemistry. 1982 Oct 26;21(22):5634-8.

Lactose-proton symport by purified lac carrier protein.


The lac carrier protein of Escherichia coli was purified by an improved procedure and its activity assayed by a rapid filter method. Following reconstitution of the carrier by octyl glucoside dilution, proteoliposomes were concentrated by filtration on a microporous filter. Lactose accumulation by adsorbed or entrapped proteoliposomes is driven by an artificially imposed pH gradient (interior alkaline), by a membrane potential (interior negative), or by a combination of both forces. Activity is almost completely abolished by the protonophore carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone or by the competitive inhibitor thiodigalactoside. Addition of lactose to proteoliposomes under appropriate conditions results in alkalinization of the external medium. This effect is not observed with liposomes devoid of lac carrier or in the presence of proton conducting agents. The results provide a strong indication that the lac gamma gene product is the only protein in the cytoplasmic membrane of Escherichia coli required for lactose-proton symport.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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