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Am Heart J. 1982 Dec;104(6):1346-50.

Acute effects of the calcium antagonist, nifedipine, on blood pressure, pulse rate, and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in patients with essential hypertension.


Ten milligrams nifedipine was administered orally to young and old persons with or without hypertension, and the acute effects of nifedipine on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system were studied one half to 3 hours later. Nifedipine reduced blood pressure and increased pulse rate in young and old persons with or without hypertension. Simultaneously, nifedipine produced a significant increase of plasma renin activity in young persons with or without hypertension but failed to do so in old persons with or without hypertension. As a result, angiotensin I and II increased significantly in young persons but not in old persons. Hydralazine elevated aldosterone concentration by stimulating the renin-angiotensin system but nifedipine failed to do so despite its effect on the renin-angiotensin system in young individuals. Since calcium is required to secrete aldosterone, it is suggested that nifedipine blocked aldosterone secretion by the agent's calcium antagonizing action.

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