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Life Sci. 1982 Sep 20-27;31(12-13):1307-10.

Differing stereospecificities distinguish opiate receptor subtypes.


Paired stereoisomers of compounds active at the proposed mu, kappa and sigma classes of opiate receptors display differing stereoselectivity patterns at the receptor subtypes. The (-) isomers of cyclazocine and SKF-10047 are far more potent than the (+) isomers as displacers of [3H]dihydromorphine from receptors. However, the (-) isomers are only moderately more potent than the (+) isomers at displacing [3H]ethylketocyclazocine from kappa receptors in an assay controlled for radioligand binding to mu receptors, and the (+) and (-) isomers are similar in potency for displacement of [3H]phencyclidine (PCP) from sigma receptors. At the sigma/PCP receptor, (+) ketamine proved four times as potent as (-) ketamine, while the dioxalan derivative dexoxadrol is far more potent than its nearly inactive enantiomer levoxadrol. The results for the sigma/PCP receptor are in agreement with those of behavioral studies. Stereospecificity patterns may provide support for the concept of the opiate receptor subclasses as biochemically distinct entities.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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