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FEBS Lett. 1982 Sep 20;146(2):267-72.

The effect of superoxide generation on the ability of mitochondria to take up and retain Ca2+.


When heart or liver mitochondria are exposed to superoxide radicals generated from xanthine + xanthine oxidase their ability to take up and to retain Ca2+ is impaired. The rate of oxidation of pyruvate + malate as substrates is diminished and the appearance of thiol groups when the mitochondria are supplied with these substrates is abolished. These inhibitory effects are offset if respiration is supported by succinate in presence of rotenone provided that a substrate (beta-hydroxybutyrate) is provided to maintain the reduction of NADH. The data agree with the thesis that a generation of thiol groups is essential to maintain membrane integrity and that the generation depends on provision of reduced NAD(P)H.

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