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Cell. 1982 Aug;30(1):225-34.

Response of murine epidermis to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin: interaction of the ah and hr loci.


2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and related halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons produce epidermal hyperplasia, hyperkeratosis and sebaceous gland metaplasia in the skin of mice bearing the recessive mutation (hr/hr) hairless. This response is mediated through the cytosol receptor protein: the structure-activity relationship for receptor binding corresponds to that for production of the skin lesion, and these histopathological changes segregate with the genetic polymorphism at the Ah locus, the locus determining the cytosol receptor. In HRS/J mice, an inbred strain segregating for the hr locus, both hairless (hr/hr) and haired (hr/+) mice possess the high-affinity cytosol receptor and respond to TCDD with the induction of epidermal aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity, a receptor-mediated biochemical response; however, only hr/hr mice develop the proliferative/metaplastic skin response. We propose a genetic model for the interaction of the Ah and hr loci, to account for the differential response to TCDD observed in the skin of HRS/J hr/hr and hr/+ mice.

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