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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1982 Oct 15;144(4):460-3.

Radioimmunoassay of placental protein 12: levels in amniotic fluid, cord blood, and serum of healthy adults, pregnant women, and patients with trophoblastic disease.


A radioimmunoassay for placental protein 12 (PP12) is described and the levels in amniotic fluid, cord blood, and serum of nonpregnant individuals, pregnant women, and patients with trophoblastic disease are presented. During pregnancy, the highest PP12 levels were found at 22 to 23 weeks (mean +/- SD, 169 +/- 123 ng/ml), and there was a transient decline at 32 to 33 weeks (63 +/- 23 ng/ml). In amniotic fluid, the levels were 100 to 1,000 times higher than in maternal serum. In cord blood at birth, the values were of the same magnitude as in maternal serum. Also healthy nonpregnant women and men had PP12-like immunoreactivity in serum. Nonpregnant women (9 to 47 ng/ml) had higher levels than men (undetectable to 21 ng/ml). Elevated levels up to 84 ng/ml were occasionally observed in trophoblastic disease, both hydatidiform mole and choriocarcinoma, but they bore no correlation with the human chorionic gonadotropin levels. On the basis of these results PP12 is not a suitable marker for trophoblastic disease. PP12 values in normal pregnancy provide the basis for the evaluation of PP12 levels in abnormal pregnancy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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