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Am J Vet Res. 1982 Feb;43(2):336-8.

Recrudescence of bovine herpesvirus-5 in experimentally infected calves.

Abstract

A latent infection of bovine herpesvirus-5 (BHV-5) was established in 4 calves. These calves, plus 2 controls, were given dexamethasone (DM) to reactivate the latent virus. The 4 principal calves developed antibodies to BHV-5 by postinoculation day (PID) 21. Antibody titers increased until PID 42 before decreasing to low levels of PID 75. After the first DM treatment (started on PID 76), an anamnestic antibody response was demonstrated in the 4 principal calves. Calves, 2, 3, and 4 were euthanatized and necropsied at PID 121, and their antibody titers were again decreasing. The virus BHV-5 was not isolated from the tissues by conventional techniques of viral isolation but was isolated from the trigeminal ganglion and spinal cord of calf 3 by explantation techniques. The BHV-5 was isolated, using conventional viral isolation techniques, from a nasal swab sample of calf 1 on PID 91 (15 days after the first DM treatment) and from the thoracic lymph node 6 days after the start of a 2nd DM treatment. Seemingly, BHV-5 may be latently harbored in the nerve tissues or calves and this virus may be reactivated from the upper respiratory tract following subsequent DM treatment.

PMID:
6283960
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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