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Br J Haematol. 1982 May;51(1):81-7.

Incidence of myeloperoxidase deficiency in an area of northern Italy: histochemical, biochemical and functional studies.


Forty-five subjects with a complete deficiency of myeloperoxidase were identified in an area of the region Friuli-Venezia Giulia in north-eastern Italy using the Hemalog D system as the screening technique. Histochemical and biochemical tests performed on the leucocytes of some of these subjects confirmed the defects shown by the Hemalog D system. The defect was of genetic origin in seven subjects. The genetic origin could be suspected in another eight subjects since more than two affected members were present in a given family. Eosinophil peroxidase, which is present in MPO deficient subjects, interfered with the guaiacol assay of MPO, and in several cases masked the genetic transmission. An assay was developed using o-dianisidine as the electron donor which considerably reduced the interference by EPO. With this assay an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance was found. The MPO deficient leucocytes had a higher respiratory burst than control cells and an impaired bactericidal activity, at early post-phagocytic periods, which became comparable to that of control cells at later stages. Particle ingestion by the MPO-deficient cells was normal.

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