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J Pediatr. 1982 May;100(5):722-6.

Concurrent outbreaks of rhinovirus and respiratory syncytial virus in an intensive care nursery: epidemiology and associated risk factors.


An outbreak of viral respiratory disease occurred in eight infants in a neonatal intensive care unit during the 1980 winter respiratory season. Four infections with respiratory syncytial virus and four infections with rhinovirus were identified. Epidemiologic investigation revealed that viral respiratory infection was significantly associated with intubation with orotracheal tubes (P = 0.001), with the presence of both a nasal feeding tube plus an orotracheal tube together (P = 0.007), and with assisted ventilation (P = 0.009) when compared to uninfected controls. Twenty-seven of 85 (30.6%) personnel working in the unit at the time of the outbreak reported a history of upper respiratory illness during the week prior to the outbreak, and 46 (54.1%) of them had had contact with patients in areas of the hospital where patients infected with RSV and rhinovirus were housed. The data suggest that both viruses were transmitted to the babies by hospital personnel. Rhinoviruses can be nosocomial pathogen in neonates with compromised pulmonary function, and the clinical presentation of rhinovirus infection in neonates may be difficult to distinguish from that produced by RSV.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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