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Changes induced by exercise in rates of turnover and oxidation of ketone bodies in fasting man.


Seven normal subjects fasted for 3 days were exercised for 30 min on a bicycle ergometer at 60 +/- 30% (mean +/- SE) of their maximal aerobic capacity. Rates of transport and oxidation of ketone bodies were determined at rest and during exercise using a primed constant infusion of [14C]acetoacetate. During the initial 7.5 min of exercise, ketone concentration abruptly decreased (-19.4 +/- 3.1%; P less than 0.001) as the result of a 22.2 +/- 7.0% reduction (P less than 0.05) in ketone production rate (Ra) and a 30.4 +/- 7.5% increase (P less than 0.01) in the rate of uptake (Rd) of ketones. As work progressed, blood ketones continued to fall slowly until the 15th min of exercise and thereafter plateaued at a level which was 21.9 +/- 4.1% lower (P less than 0.005) than resting values. During this apparent new steady state, both Ra and Rd were below control values but tended to be equal and to return simultaneously to their preexercise level. The metabolic clearance rate was increased throughout the entire period of exercise, the rise being more marked during the initial 7.5 min (+40.7 +/- 7.5%; P less than 0.01) than at later periods (+19.0 +/- 7.4%; P less than 0.05). Exercise greatly enhanced ketone oxidation which became virtually complete; despite this, the %CO2 derived from ketones, which averaged 17.6 +/- 1.6% at rest, decreased to 10.1 +/- 0.6% (P less than 0.01) after 30 min of work. This indicates that even during the hyperketonemia of fasting, the increased energy needs related to exercise are met primarily by fuels other than ketones.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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