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A case of hepatoma in pregnancy associated with earlier oral contraception.



Since 1973 there have been more than 20 reported cases of malignant and about 200 cases of benign hepatic adenomas associated with oral contraception (OC). This article reports on the case of a 45 year old woman on OC from 1967 to 1971. In 1979 she was admitted to the hospital in the 36th week of her 9th pregnancy for nausea, vomiting, and pain. Cesarean section delivered her of a healthy baby girl, and celiotomy exposed an enlarged liver with several tumors. Resection was not possible and the woman died after 3 days. Necropsy showed numerous tumors and metastases and primary hepatic carcinoma. Even though 8 years had elapsed between OC termination and the onset of cancer, the connection between exposure to OC and liver cancer must be suspected. The time lag might be attributed to delayed development of the neoplasm rather than to its slow growth.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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