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J Biol Chem. 1981 Dec 10;256(23):12297-300.

Fatty acyl coenzyme A-sensitive adenine nucleotide transport in a reconstituted liposome system.


The adenine nucleotide translocase was purified from bovine heart mitochondria and incorporated into membranes of phospholipid liposomes. The rate of transport of the adenine nucleotides was competitively inhibited by oleoyl coenzyme A with an approximate Ki of 1.0 microM. Significant inhibition was limited to those fatty acyl coenzyme A esters which are carnitine dependent for their oxidation in isolated mitochondria. Octanoyl coenzyme A was almost completely inactive as was palmitic acid and palmitoyl carnitine. By comparing the inhibitory characteristics of carboxyatractylate and bongkrekic acid with those of oleoyl-CoA, it was determined that the fatty acyl-CoA esters could produce inhibition whether the carrier was inserted into the liposome in either the conventional (65%) or reverse (30%) orientation. The results demonstrate that the interaction of long chain fatty acyl-CoA esters with the ADP/ATP carrier in a purified reconstituted system mimics their effects with isolated mitochondria and inverted submitochondrial particles. In general, these findings are consistent with the role of acyl-CoA esters acting as natural ligands and biological effectors of the translocator.

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