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N Engl J Med. 1981 Nov 26;305(22):1307-13.

Deficiency of T helper cells in transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy.

Abstract

We studied 17 patients with transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy to define the immunologic defect responsible for this disorder. The number of circulating B cells in these patients was normal, as was the ability of the B cells to synthesize immunoglobulins when stimulated with Epstein-Barr virus, a direct B-cell activator. However, the capacity of the B cells to synthesize IgG in response to pokeweed mitogen, a T-cell-dependent B-cell activator, was depressed. Experiments with cultured lymphocytes indicated that excess suppressor-cell activity was not present in these patients, but that their T cells were deficient in providing help to B cells from their normal parents. A numerical deficiency in T4-positive (T4+) helper cells was found. Patients who had recovered from the disorder had a normal number of T4+ helper cells. Our results indicate that a numerical, as well as a functional, deficiency in helper T cells underlies the deficiency in IgG production in transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy.

PMID:
6270560
DOI:
10.1056/NEJM198111263052202
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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